History of Music Part 1 1950-1980

Music has always existed, ever since the stone ages. For the last few centuries music had mostly been classical orchestras with no singing as there was no recording technology.  However by the end of the 19th century recording technology had been invented.  Classical Music was no longer mainstream as Swing music.  During the first and second world war, music was full of propaganda about allied forces beating the enemy and often called for listeners to contribute to the war by saving food and not wasting it or joining the military.  Swing and Jazz had been dominating the music scene for 40 years.  The only other popular genre was Folk music but it found little success in the 20th century. As World War 2 invented new things were being invented and life changed.  During the 1950s Rock, Soul, R&B and Jazz were increasing in popularity.  During the Early 1950s attitude towards Black people were changing as they were slowly allowed fairer jobs and many of them went to pursue a career in music.  In the 1955 Chuck Berry released a song that would go on and change music forever.  Maybellene was one of the first songs which featured the electric guitar.  Many older people called Rock Devils music, Satan gift, communist propaganda and said that because of Rock boys were no longer polite, or wanted to get jobs in the army, and wear suits.  After Chuck Berry’s first songs many artists started using electric guitars in their songs like Ray Charles, Buddy Holly and Little Richard.  Throughout the 1950s the Americans dominated the music scene across the world.

After Elvis’s debut rock became more popular. In 1959 Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, The Big Booper who were pioneers of rock were all killed in a plane crash.  In the cellars of Liverpool a band known as the Quarry men which consisted of Paul McCartney, John Lennon and George Harrison would later rise to become the most popular artists in history. Elvis Presley had recently being drafted to the army leaving room for new artists to emerge.  The Vietnam War was raging in South East Asia with many people disagreeing about the war and calls for peace.  The 1960’s were full of peace movements and Racial Equality movements which all had an impact on music.  Bob Dylan a young folk singer was part of the revival of Folk music and a pioneer of protest music.  Shortly after his debut British Artists like The Beatles, The Who, The Rolling Stones and The Kinks were all part of the British Skiffle movement.  In 1964 the British invasion began with The Beatles debut on the Ed Sullivan show saw 75 million people tune in to watch them play.  Soon after that many other British Bands invaded America, playing in major American cities.  The Beatles were surrounded by hordes of screaming fans which could fill up 2 Superbowl stadiums.  Many American Artists were being replaced by the British with the exception of Bob Dylan, Frank Sinatra and The Doors.  The Beatles after their first few albums wanted to experiment with new sounds.  Because of the release of Sgt Peppers Lonely Heart Club Band and Revolver.

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Elvis Promoting his song Jailhouse rock

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Chuck Berry a pioneer of Rock

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The Beach Boys an American Band which created Beach Rock and Music

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Bee Gees a trio and band from England that first rose to fame by performing on the streets of Brisbane the would later go on to become of the most famous disco singers ever

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The Beatles Debut on the Ed Sullivan Show which started the British Invasion

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Bob Dylan was part of the folk revival and also a pioneer in protest music before creating Folk rock and he was one of the first artists to use drugs. He was also the first musician to be awarded a Nobel prize.

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Frank Sinatra was one of the most famous artists of the 20th century singing Jazz, Traditional pop and Swing from the 1940s to the 1990s

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The Kinks were one of the many British Rock Bands that participated in the British Invasion

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The Rolling Stones were one of the most famous Rock Bands during the 60s and are still performing today.

The Summer Of Love 1967-1970 was an era of hippies who wanted peace for Vietnam.  During this many people took LSD a type of drug that caused rainbow illusion and was also known as the chill pill.

LSD influenced many artists and also created Psychedelic rock which was a type of hyped up crazy rock with peace messages.  LSD also influenced many British bands like the Beatles, The Kinks, The Who, The Doors and The Rolling Stones.

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Jimi Hendrix was one of the most famous guitarist in history and was under the influence of LSD while creating his music.

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Sgt Peppers Lonely Heart Club Band was one of the most famous albums ever created and many songs in it were created while under the influence of LSD and Marijuana.

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The Doors were one of the few American Artists who managed to fight off the British during the 60s

The 60s saw change for black Americans and also Rhythm & Blue (R&B)  music which was music mostly performed by African Americans.  During the early 60s R&B artists were mostly played Jazz, Swing and Soul music but by the end of the 20th century it expanded to hip hop and rap.

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Sam Cooke was one of the most Famous R&B singers during the 60s but was unfortunately killed at a young age.

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Marvin Gaye was one of the most famous R&B artists in history originating from Motown Soul Records in the 60s and later went on to sing Disco and Modern Soul.

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The Temptations were a vocal R&B group who originally sang soul music but would later sing rock and disco during the 80s.

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The Jackson Five were one of the first groups to mostly have children in it.

So much was lost and achieved during the 60s.  The Vietnam War, Equal Rights, Moon Landing and more.  In 1970 the Beatles released their last album ‘Let It Be’ and broke up which saw the end of the 60s.

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Country was slowly dying and saw a decline in popularity decrease during the 60s.  Many American artists loved country music but no one would listen to it so in an attempt to revive it the fused Rock with country.  It was a major success with Southern states of the USA and became the British’s enemy as the British had near to none country artists at the time.

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Creedence Clearwater Revival

During the 70s the British slowly retreated back to the Britain American artists emerged from the shadows.  Some classic Rock and Rollers like Chuck Berry, Elvis Presley and The Beach Boys saw some success in the 70s despite the fact their music was ageing and declining in popularity.  Some of the British such as The Kinks, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr and George Harrison all had hits in the 70s but it was Soul, Disco, Hard Rock and 70s rock that dominated.  As the Vietnam war and Equal Rights Protests came to an end Protest music was no longer found.  Drugs starting becoming illegal and this saw the end of Psychedelic Rock.  However perhaps the most famous song during the 70s was Hotel California.  During the late 70s Hard Rockers like ACDC and Led Zeppelin rose aswell as disco artists like the Bee Gees and Micheal Jackson.  At the end of the 70s John Lennon who was one of the only artists still making peace songs was killed and that saw en end of an era.

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The most famous guitar solo ever was performed by the Eagles in the Song Hotel California https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KRiSMXFpWIg

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The Eagles

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ACDC was an Australian and British Hard Rock Band that emerged in 1979 and would later go on to become one of the most famous rock bands

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The Bee Gees in the 70s

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John Lennons death alarmed the world

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John Lennon’s glasses on the day

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John Lennon in 1980

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John Lennon’s most famous song Imagine.

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Blogging Reflection

How do you control your own learning?

By focusing on my work, trying to block out distractions and trying to finish work.

What goals have you reached this semester?

I think I reached my goal of improving in math and that I no longer need teachers help, also I achieved my goal of making a really long writers notebook that was long then last year.

 

Media Response Week 8

1.
What is the conservation status of koalas?
a. Threatened b. Vulnerable c. Endangered
Koalas since 2012 have been placed as vulnerable.
2.
Approximately how many koalas are left in the wild?
About 100 thousand to as few as 43 thousand are left in the wild as of today.
3.
What are some threats to koalas?
Some of them are habitat destruction, domestic dogs attacks road accidents and bush fires.
4.
How is climate change affecting the gum leaves that koalas eat?
As sea levels rise the salt from the water starts to kill the soil and toxins the trees aswell and can also make the leaves die or become inedible.
5.
What are some ways that we can protect koalas and their habitats?
We should preserve their habitats, do more on climate change and prohibit cutting trees that Koala’s live on.

BTN Response Coding

1.
What are the kids in the BTN story learning?
In this BTN story the kids are learning about game coding
2.
Explain one of the apps the kids designed in the BTN story.
One of the apps created was called Goblin Rush.  The objective of the game was to build cannons to shoot at passing goblins before they reached your base.  If too many of them reach it you lose
3.
What is code? Describe using one sentence.
A computer language used to program, games, websites, apps, hard drives and the computer itself
4.
What coding language do the kids use to design their apps?
The coding language they used is called Python a text based coding language, they also used the app pythonista to make their apps on the ipad
5.
How many games does the school have registered on the app store?
About 7 their also a registered app creator on the app store

Hindu Excursion

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On Tuesday 13th of June 6/7JW, RG and NB went on a excursion t0 the Baps Shri Swaminarayan Mandir (Temple) Adelaide.  During that excursion I learned alot about Hindu and Indian culture. When we first entered the temple we were asked to take off our shoes, after that the boys and girls we separated into two sides.  The people there made a power point talked about their beliefs. One of them was to treat their idols, Mutja like humans because they believe the gods inhabit the idol, they give food to them, wash them, change their clothes, perform pray and let them sleep.  After they performed Puja they took us in groups around the temple.

 

Blogging numeracy

How does working in a group help you in numeracy?

It helps me when I don’t know what to do so I can ask them to teach or help me, it also helps me when we try to solve something we can give each other ideas or try to help someone that’s lost.  Especially when I’m not confident in a subject I’d try working with my friends in a group so they can help me.

When do you use your problem solving skills?

When I’m giving Change or paying someone, when I go shopping, To estimate how long something is going to take, to find out how much money I have and when I’m at school

 

Australian Clothing Media Response

On Average how much kilograms of clothes does an Aussie buy every year?

Twenty Seven Kilos for each person.

Why do Australians buy lots of clothes?

Perhaps because they’re in trend or they’re on sale.  The fashion industry also encourages you to buy clothes by making expensive brands go on sale and try to ship in the clothes that are currently in trend.

What is Fast Fashion?

A type of clothes that is currently trending and is quickly made and sent to stores before it goes out of style.  Typically fast fashion is made in poor and developing countries to quickly meet customer demand.  Countries like India, Bangladesh, China and more poor countries.  Fast Fashion clothes are often produced quickly and because of that they may not last long but they are bought anyway because of their cheap price.

What are the conditions of Workers making fast fashion clothes?

The pay is low and the factory is often polluted which is why they wear face masks.  They often work long hours without stopping and are not covered when they get hurt or killed in a work accident.  It’s cramped inside the factory and they can face harassment.  Work accidents are common and because they have to make clothes fast they may cut of injure themselves because of the amount of clothes being produced.

What impact do clothes have on the environment?

Although some are recycled and given to op shops 85% percent of them end up in landfills and clothes made out of polyester can take up to 200 years to break down and may end up in the sea killing fishes and polluting the water.

What can be done to reduce clothing waste?

We could try recycling clothes, using sustainable materials, we could reuse materials from unwanted clothes and fabrics or turn them into bags.  Donate it to the charities that really need it or just try to wear it out before giving it away.

Blood Donation

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o Human blood is grouped into four types. What are they?

Type A has a A marker, Type B has a b marker, Type AB has both markers and Type O has neither markers.

What are the most common types of Blood in Australia?

O+ which is one of the most common blood types in the world and is also the most common in Australia while AB – is also one of the rarest blood types in the world and in Australia.

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o What blood types can be given during an operation?

The blood type that can be used in a surgery is the one that’s matches your blood type as it would be useless to give you a B+ blood if you have A+ blood.

o Where do we get our blood type from? The blood type you get is always inherited from your parent so if you get have blood type O+ your parents most likely had blood type O+ or A+.

Literacy Questions

What helps you learn to write, read and speak?

Practicing reading, speaking and writing over and over helps me alot and when I make mistakes I fix them the next time I do Writing, Reading and speaking.

What do you think about the way you learn?

I think my learning is alright although at times I often get distracted and go off task and I need to try to focus on my work more

 

 

Australian Involvement in Today’s conflicts

After the Vietnam War Australia tended to shy away from Military involvement in other conflicts because of the controversy of the Vietnam war.  From 1973 to 1990 Australia had been war free and although they were still an ally of the USA, Australia established relations with both the USSR and China.  Despite all of that Australia increased it’s defense force in the country as well as retaining troops in Malaysia to protect it from attacks as well as imposing military blockades and embargoes on Fiji until it re entered the commonwealth.  During the Gulf War however Australia was part of an international military force and sent 1800 ADF Navy Personnel to fight Saddam Hussein’s Iraq.  Australia suffered no casualties during the Gulf War.  After the Gulf War Australian troops were sent to war torn countries like Somalia to keep Somalia stable and maintain peace.

After the 911 attacks conducted by Al Qaeda’s leader Osama Bin Laden which resulted in 2,996 civilian deaths over a hundred countries responded by declaring war on Islamic Extremists and radicals which was ironically formerly supported by the USA.  Australia responded by sending it’s military into Afghanistan to combat the Islamic Emirate which was a Extremist state supported by the Taliban and Al Qaeda.  In 1999 after East Timor which recently became a country lost it’s stability and erupted into a small but deadly civil war with rebels and loyalist.  Australia was one of the only nations which were sent in to East Timor for peacekeeping purposes which saw it regain it’s stability and in 2013 left.

The Islamic Emirate recognized by the UAE, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan was overthrown by Australian, UK and US forces which saw the Afghanistan republic being founded. 41 Australians were killed  The Iraq war which like the Gulf war was against Saddam Hussein’s Iraq saw the end of his regime but the rise of the Islamic State of Iraq and Levant.  Lasting from 2003 to 2011 for Australia it saw 3 Australians deaths.  The recent war on Isil was started after several terrorist attacks conducted by ISIL and the Paris attack which saw over a hundred French and other nationals dead.

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Australian SASR in Afghanistan

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Australian Peacekeepers in East Timor

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The Sydney Siege which was conducted by a Islamic Extremist saw 3 dead (including the gunman and two hostages) and saw Australia increase military involvement in the war on terror.

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Australian troop in Iraq training a Iraqi soldier.

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Australian troops in Iraq

Did you learn anything new?

Some new things I learnt from this investigation was that the USA itself started Islamic Extremisism during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan which lasted from 1979 to 1989 which saw the communist goverment of Afghanistan being founded and the collapse of Islamic Afghanistan which saw many Islamic Conservatives and Extremist fight with support from the UAE, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan and saw many infamous terrorist get funded by the US like Osama Bin Laden and the founder of ISIL.

I also learnt that from 1973 to 1990 that Australia had been conflict free.