Music has always existed, ever since the stone ages. For the last few centuries music had mostly been classical orchestras with no singing as there was no recording technology. However by the end of the 19th century recording technology had been invented. Classical Music was no longer mainstream as Swing music. During the first and second world war, music was full of propaganda about allied forces beating the enemy and often called for listeners to contribute to the war by saving food and not wasting it or joining the military. Swing and Jazz had been dominating the music scene for 40 years. The only other popular genre was Folk music but it found little success in the 20th century. As World War 2 invented new things were being invented and life changed. During the 1950s Rock, Soul, R&B and Jazz were increasing in popularity. During the Early 1950s attitude towards Black people were changing as they were slowly allowed fairer jobs and many of them went to pursue a career in music. In the 1955 Chuck Berry released a song that would go on and change music forever. Maybellene was one of the first songs which featured the electric guitar. Many older people called Rock Devils music, Satan gift, communist propaganda and said that because of Rock boys were no longer polite, or wanted to get jobs in the army, and wear suits. After Chuck Berry’s first songs many artists started using electric guitars in their songs like Ray Charles, Buddy Holly and Little Richard. Throughout the 1950s the Americans dominated the music scene across the world.
After Elvis’s debut rock became more popular. In 1959 Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, The Big Booper who were pioneers of rock were all killed in a plane crash. In the cellars of Liverpool a band known as the Quarry men which consisted of Paul McCartney, John Lennon and George Harrison would later rise to become the most popular artists in history. Elvis Presley had recently being drafted to the army leaving room for new artists to emerge. The Vietnam War was raging in South East Asia with many people disagreeing about the war and calls for peace. The 1960’s were full of peace movements and Racial Equality movements which all had an impact on music. Bob Dylan a young folk singer was part of the revival of Folk music and a pioneer of protest music. Shortly after his debut British Artists like The Beatles, The Who, The Rolling Stones and The Kinks were all part of the British Skiffle movement. In 1964 the British invasion began with The Beatles debut on the Ed Sullivan show saw 75 million people tune in to watch them play. Soon after that many other British Bands invaded America, playing in major American cities. The Beatles were surrounded by hordes of screaming fans which could fill up 2 Superbowl stadiums. Many American Artists were being replaced by the British with the exception of Bob Dylan, Frank Sinatra and The Doors. The Beatles after their first few albums wanted to experiment with new sounds. Because of the release of Sgt Peppers Lonely Heart Club Band and Revolver.
Elvis Promoting his song Jailhouse rock
Chuck Berry a pioneer of Rock
The Beach Boys an American Band which created Beach Rock and Music
Bee Gees a trio and band from England that first rose to fame by performing on the streets of Brisbane the would later go on to become of the most famous disco singers ever
The Beatles Debut on the Ed Sullivan Show which started the British Invasion
Bob Dylan was part of the folk revival and also a pioneer in protest music before creating Folk rock and he was one of the first artists to use drugs. He was also the first musician to be awarded a Nobel prize.
Frank Sinatra was one of the most famous artists of the 20th century singing Jazz, Traditional pop and Swing from the 1940s to the 1990s
The Kinks were one of the many British Rock Bands that participated in the British Invasion
The Rolling Stones were one of the most famous Rock Bands during the 60s and are still performing today.
The Summer Of Love 1967-1970 was an era of hippies who wanted peace for Vietnam. During this many people took LSD a type of drug that caused rainbow illusion and was also known as the chill pill.
LSD influenced many artists and also created Psychedelic rock which was a type of hyped up crazy rock with peace messages. LSD also influenced many British bands like the Beatles, The Kinks, The Who, The Doors and The Rolling Stones.
Jimi Hendrix was one of the most famous guitarist in history and was under the influence of LSD while creating his music.
Sgt Peppers Lonely Heart Club Band was one of the most famous albums ever created and many songs in it were created while under the influence of LSD and Marijuana.
The Doors were one of the few American Artists who managed to fight off the British during the 60s
The 60s saw change for black Americans and also Rhythm & Blue (R&B) music which was music mostly performed by African Americans. During the early 60s R&B artists were mostly played Jazz, Swing and Soul music but by the end of the 20th century it expanded to hip hop and rap.
Sam Cooke was one of the most Famous R&B singers during the 60s but was unfortunately killed at a young age.
Marvin Gaye was one of the most famous R&B artists in history originating from Motown Soul Records in the 60s and later went on to sing Disco and Modern Soul.
The Temptations were a vocal R&B group who originally sang soul music but would later sing rock and disco during the 80s.
The Jackson Five were one of the first groups to mostly have children in it.
So much was lost and achieved during the 60s. The Vietnam War, Equal Rights, Moon Landing and more. In 1970 the Beatles released their last album ‘Let It Be’ and broke up which saw the end of the 60s.
Country was slowly dying and saw a decline in popularity decrease during the 60s. Many American artists loved country music but no one would listen to it so in an attempt to revive it the fused Rock with country. It was a major success with Southern states of the USA and became the British’s enemy as the British had near to none country artists at the time.
Creedence Clearwater Revival
During the 70s the British slowly retreated back to the Britain American artists emerged from the shadows. Some classic Rock and Rollers like Chuck Berry, Elvis Presley and The Beach Boys saw some success in the 70s despite the fact their music was ageing and declining in popularity. Some of the British such as The Kinks, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr and George Harrison all had hits in the 70s but it was Soul, Disco, Hard Rock and 70s rock that dominated. As the Vietnam war and Equal Rights Protests came to an end Protest music was no longer found. Drugs starting becoming illegal and this saw the end of Psychedelic Rock. However perhaps the most famous song during the 70s was Hotel California. During the late 70s Hard Rockers like ACDC and Led Zeppelin rose aswell as disco artists like the Bee Gees and Micheal Jackson. At the end of the 70s John Lennon who was one of the only artists still making peace songs was killed and that saw en end of an era.
The most famous guitar solo ever was performed by the Eagles in the Song Hotel California https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KRiSMXFpWIg
ACDC was an Australian and British Hard Rock Band that emerged in 1979 and would later go on to become one of the most famous rock bands
The Bee Gees in the 70s
John Lennons death alarmed the world
John Lennon’s glasses on the day
John Lennon in 1980
John Lennon’s most famous song Imagine.